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Amber


The biggest natural resources of The Baltic are amber. Because of amber Baltic tribes were mention in historical source for the first time. The run ashore beauty of amber aroused imagination of people. According the legend, amber is survivals of the broken castle of sea - goddess Jūratė. In this way the powerful Perkūnas (god of thunder and lightning among Lithuanians) punished her for love with fisherman Kastytis. Spider heteropodidae sosybius mizgiris 
Oak speeds fagaceae quercus Scientists explain the birth of amber in different way. Baltic amber is fossil resin produced by pine trees which grew in Northern Europe about 50 million years ago. The resin was washed out of the forest floor by large rivers and transported south towards the sea. In the course of time the resin was transformed to amber due to processes of polymerization and oxidation.
Tree resins were very fluid and solidified very quickly through evaporation. A little fly or ant caught by the sticky resin remained trapped for centuries - this is how inclusions were formed. About 3 thousand representatives of fossil fauna have been found in amber, 10-15% of which are presently existing species of insects that have not evolved much since. Inclusion with Insect
Inclusion with Plant Most insects are perfectly preserved inside of amber - the tiniest hairs and scales could be seen. Most of the insects were entrapped while being alive - sometimes were blown by the wind, sometimes a tree exuded bigger quantity of resin while they were sitting on the trunk. Only small, mostly forest-living, species can be found, because bigger insects were strong enough to escape and water-living insects rarely got entrapped. Those insects that lived in dry places or did not fly in spring, when trees were exuding resin and processes of tree metabolism took place, are almost not found in amber.
Usually Baltic amber is yellow or bright yellowish. The colours of amber range from white, yellow, brown to red. There is greenish, bluish, gray and even black amber. Even more subtle shades and combinations are among them. Amber can be absolutely transparent or absolutely opaque. Amber is not always one-coloured: the unique combinations of two or more colours and shades, patterns (sometimes they form the most brilliant compositions of art) can be found. For these reasons amber becomes attractive, charming and unique. Inclusion with Ant
Transparent amber Various admixtures and main structural amber elements-very small turpentine gas bubbles change the colour of amber. In a certain density and form they disperse the light, which is seen as some kind of colour.
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